Note: In this new column we will
attempt to shed light on people who did
positive things for their people and the
communities they represented and more!
These will be people some have heard and
others some haven't heard..
Karamchand Gandhi, (2 October 1869–30
January 1948), also known as Mahatma Gandhi,
was a major political and spiritual leader
of India and the Indian independence movement.
He was the pioneer of Satyagraha—a
philosophy that is largely concerned with
truth and 'resistance to evil through
active, non-violent resistance'—which
led India to independence and inspired
movements for civil rights and freedom
across the world. Gandhi is commonly known
in India and across the world as the Mahatma
(maha¯tma¯ — "Great
Soul" - an epithet given by Tagore)
and as Bapu (Gujarati: ba¯pu—"Father").
In India, he is officially accorded the
honour of Father of the Nation. 2 October,
his birthday, is commemorated each year
as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday.
On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General
Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution
declaring 2 October to be the "International
Day of Non-Violence."
Gandhi first employed peaceful civil disobedience
in the Indian community's struggle for
civil rights in South Africa. Upon his
return to India from Africa, he organized
poor farmers and labourers to protest
against oppressive taxation and widespread
discrimination. Assuming leadership of
the Indian National Congress, Gandhi led
nationwide campaigns for the alleviation
of poverty, for the liberation of women,
for brotherhood amongst different religious
and ethnic groups, for an end to untouchability
and caste discrimination, and for the
economic self-sufficiency of the nation,
but above all for Swaraj—the independence
of India from foreign domination. Gandhi
famously led his nation in the disobedience
of the British salt tax imposed in India
with the 400 kilometre (250 miles) Dandi
Salt March in 1930, and in an open call
for the British to Quit India in 1942.
He was imprisoned for many years on numerous
occasions in both South Africa and India.
Gandhi practiced and advocated non-violence
and truth in all situations. He lived
simply, organizing an ashram that was
self-sufficient in its needs. Making his
own clothes—the traditional Indian
dhoti and shawl, woven with the hand spun
yarn he spun on a charkha—he lived
on a simple vegetarian and, later, fruitarian
diet. He underwent long (at times over
a month) fasts, for both self-purification
January 30, 1948, Gandhi was shot and
killed while having his nightly public
walk on the grounds of the Birla Bhavan
(Birla House) in New Delhi. The assassin,
Nathuram Godse, was a Hindu radical with
links to the extremist Hindu Mahasabha,
who held Gandhi responsible for weakening
India by insisting upon a payment to Pakistan.
Godse and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte
were later tried and convicted; they were
executed on 15 November 1949. Gandhi's
memorial (or Sama¯dhi) at Ra¯j
Gha¯t, New Delhi, bears the epigraph
"He¯ Ram", (Devanagari:
?? ! ??? or, He Ra¯m), which may
be translated as "Oh God". These
are widely believed to be Gandhi's last
words after he was shot, though the veracity
of this statement has been disputed.
Jawaharlal Nehru addressed the nation
“ Friends and comrades, the light
has gone out of our lives, and there is
darkness everywhere, and I do not quite
know what to tell you or how to say it.
Our beloved leader, Bapu as we called
him, the father of the nation, is no more.
Perhaps I am wrong to say that; nevertheless,
we will not see him again, as we have
seen him for these many years, we will
not run to him for advice or seek solace
from him, and that is a terrible blow,
not only for me, but for millions and
millions in this country.”
Gandhi's ashes were poured into urns which
were sent across India for memorial services.
Most were immersed at the Sangam at Allahabad
on 12 February 1948 but some were secreted
away. In 1997, Tushar Gandhi immersed
the contents of one urn, found in a bank
vault and reclaimed through the courts,
at the Sangam at Allahabad. On 30 January
2008 the contents of another urn were
immersed at Girgaum Chowpatty by the family
after a Dubai-based businessman had sent
it to a Mumbai museum. Another urn has
ended up in a palace of the Aga Khan in
Pune (where he had been imprisoned from
1942 to 1944) and another in the Self-Realization
Fellowship Lake Shrine in Los Angeles.
The family is aware that these enshrined
ashes could be misused for political purposes
but does not want to have them removed
because it would entail breaking the shrines.
submit any questions or concerns at firstname.lastname@example.org.